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  • Current location: home>> Life Cultivation and Rehabilitation of TCM(PREVENTION) >> Natural Therapeutic Methods of Life Cultivation and Rehabilitation >> Life cultivation and rehabilitation with loutrotherapy
    1 Life cultivation and rehabilitation with loutrotherapy
    Loutrotherapy is a method to eliminate diseases and strengthen health by applying visible or invisible natural physical factors such as water, sunlight, air, mud and sand.
    Different bathing forms may relieve exterior syndromes by means of diaphoresis, remove wind and dampness, promote qi flow and blood circulation, relax muscles and tendons, activate collaterals, regulate yin and yang, and inspire enthusiasm, etc. respectively. Bathing forms are numerous, such as hot spring bath, hot water bath, sunbath, seawater bath, sauna, cold water bath, medicated bath, mud bath, sand bath and forestry bath. Because of limited space, this section only introduces the three bathing methods with TCM characteristics.
    2.7. 1 Medicated bath
    Medicated liquid with a certain concentration is used to bathe or soak the whole body. In this way, the active principles of the drugs can exert direct effects on the region of pathological changes to destroy bacteria, kill pain, check itching and relieve inflammation. Meanwhile, by means of skin absorption, the active principles enter blood circulation to reach every tissue and organ of the human body, and to bring the therapeutic effects into full play.
    2.7.1.1 The mechanism of life cultivation and rehabilitation with medicated bath
    Medicated bath, like hot spring bath, hot water bath and sauna, can make skin blood vessels dilated and congested, accelerate metabolism and strengthen syringadenous excretion to promote profuse sweating and discharge of metabolite and toxin. Heat can reduce the excitability of nervous system to produce tranquilization and to be beneficial to sleeping, too. The heat of water can reduce muscular tension to relieve muscular pain and spasm as well. Moreover, the drugs in the medicated liquid reach the body directly. Therefore, it can produce a pharmacological action which does not exist in other bathing therapies.
    Medicated bath may be applicable to the rehabilitation of hypertension, local soft tissue injury, neurosis, rheumatic arthritis, rhematoid arthritis, lumbago, pain of legs, ischias, sequelae of cerebrovascular accident, obesity, psoriasis, and skin itching, etc.
    Before bathing, soak the drug for more than half an hour. Then, decoct the drugs into decoction. Next, mix the decoction with bathing water. The temperature of the water is about 40 to 50?. The bathing lasts 15 to 20 minutes (soak only the affected part in the case of contagious skin diseases such as tinea manuum and tinea pedis ) each time, once a day or once every other day. It is advisable to take the medicated bath after noon or in the evening according to the specific patient's conditions. Each dose can be decocted twice. Mter bathing, wipe the body drily with a towel. Then, cover the body with a quilt and lie in bed peacefully for a while. However, be cautious not to select the drugs which irritate and corrode the skin; old, very young and seriously sick patients should be nursed to avoid accidents; medicated bath is not advisable in the case of skin injury, excessive starvation, overfeeding, menstrual period and pregnant stage.
    2.7.1.2 The commonly-used prescriptions for medicated bath
    TCM possesses a large number of prescriptions for medicated bath handed down from the ancient times. Here is a brief introduction only for your reference.
    2.7.1.2.1 Prescription for skin itching 90 g of Ganheye (dry Folium Nelumbinis), Gaoben (Rhizoma Ligustici ), Gansong ( Rhizoma Nardostachyos ), Baizhi (Radix Angelicae Dachuricae), Weilingxian (Radix Clematidis ), Cangercao ( Herba Xanthii ), Rendongteng ( Caulis Lonicerae) and salt respectively.
    2.7.1.2.2 Prescription for skin eczema 100 g of fresh Chuanlianpi (Pericarpium Meliae Toosendan), 30 g of Qiyeyizhihua ( Cortex Actinodaphnes Obovatae), Longgu ( Os Draconis ) and Luganshi ( Calamina ) respectively, 25 g of Tufuling (Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae), Kushen (Radix Sophorae Flavescentis ), Difuzi ( Fructus Kochiae ) and Huzhang (Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati) respectively, 20 g of Huanglian ( Rhizoma Coptidis), Huangqin (Radix Scutellariae ), Huangbai ( Cortex Phellodendri ), Shengdaihuang ( Radix et Rhizoma Rhei ), Baixianpi ( Cortex Dictamni Radicis ), Huajiao ( Pericarpium Zanthoxyli ) and Diyu ( Radix Sanguisorbae) respectively, 15 g of Chixiaodou ( Semen Phaseoli ) , Baiyaojian ( Massa Gallae et Thei Fermentata ) , Liujinu ( Herba Artemisiae Anomalae ) and Danpi ( Cortex Moutan Radicis) respectively, 10 g of Cheqianzi ( Semen Plantaginis ) and Bingpian ( Borneolum Syntheticum ) respectively.
    2.7.1.2.3 Prescription for infantile malnutrition: 15 g of Kushen (Radix Sophorae Ftavescentis ), Fulingpi (Epidemis Poriae), Cangzhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis), Sangbaipi ( Cortex Mori Radicis ) and Baifan (Alumen) respectively and 15 g of Congbai (Bulbus Allii Fistulosi ) .
    2.7.1.2.4 Prescription for sore and scabies due to toxic heat 30 g of Fangfeng (Radix Ledebouriellae with the tip removed), Baizhi (Radix Angelicae Dahuriae), Xixin ( Herba Asari ), Kushen ( Radix Sophorae Flavescentis ) , Wuzhuyu ( Fructus Evodiae ), Kulianzi ( Fructus Meliae Toosendan ) , Lilu (Radix et Rhizoma Veratri) with the tip removed, Mangcao (Folium Illicii Lanceolati) and Mahuanggen ( Radix Ephedriae ) respectively, 15 g of Chuanjiao (Pericarpium Zanthoxyli) and 60 g of salt.
    2.7.1.2.5 Prescription for tinea manuum and tinea pedis: 30 g of Kushen (Radix Sophorae Flavescentis ), Taoren ( Semen Persicae), Shechuangzi ( Fructus Cnidii), Wumei ( Fructus Mume), Lianqiao ( Fructus Forsythiae ) and Dahuang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei ) respectively, 20 g of Gancao (Radix Glycyrrhizae) and 40 g of Mangxiao (Natrii Sulfas).
    2.7.1.2.6 Prescription for arthritis and gout: Equal amount of Laoguancao (Herba Erodii seu Geranii ) , Wujiapi ( Cortex Acnthopancis Radicis ), and Shenjincao (Herba Lycopodii), etc. respectively.
    2.7.1.2.7 Prescription for strengthening renal yang and sexual function: 30 g of Dingxiang (Flos Caryophylli), Rougui (Cortex Cinnamomi), Zishaohua ( Spongillae Fragittae), and Shechuangzi ( Fructus Cnidii) respectively, 60 g of Cangzhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis) and Duzhong ( Cortex Eucommiae) respectively. All the above ingredients are ground into coarse powder. 30 g of the powder is decocted each time for use. Fumigate and wash the navel, abdomen and Dantian with the decoction.
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