In qigong practice, deal with the various passages and points for the movement and accumulation of qi. They are known as jingluo and acu-points. The jingluo is a network of pathways linking together all the parts of the human body, whilst acupoints are sites for the exchange and conflu-ence of qi. Concentrating attention on those points and massaging them can regulate the function of the jingluo system. The jingluo in the hu-man body include the 12 regular channels and the Ren and Du channels. The 12 regular channels relate directly with the zang and fu organs.
The Ren channel starts below the navel and runs along the abdominal cavity to the throat and then to the lower jaw, where it goes around the lips and spreads up to the eyes in branches. It frequently crosses the three yin channels of the hand and foot and has the function of regulating all the yin channels in the body. It is therefore known as the "sea of yin."
The Du channel starts at the lower abdomen and runs down along the perineum. Then it turns up along the midline of the back to the ,fengfu point at the nape of the neck before going through the brain to the vertex and along the midline of the forehead to the nose. It controls all the yang channels of the human body and is known as the "sea of yang. "
As two major pathways for the flow of qi, the Ren and Du channels have great significance in qigong practice, especially in the exercise called zhoutian .
This channel starts at the middle-jiao region where the spleens and stomach locate, and runs along the large intestine and the orifice of the stomach and through the diaphragm before entering the lungs. Then it goes transversely from the zhongfu, and yumen points along .the medial side of the upper arm to the Pericardium Channel of Hand-Jueyin. And then it goes through the tianfu and ariabai points to the chize point at the elbow and runs along "the anterior portion of the forearm by way of the kongzui and lieque points to the jingqu and
The malfunction of the lung channel may produce cough, asthma, fullness in the chest, thirst, pain in the shoulder and back, dysphoria or sore throat.
This channel starts at the shangyang point at the tip of the index fin-ger and runs up along the radial side of the index finger and the erjian, sanjian and hegu points to the yangai point at the wrist. Then it moves first up along the lateral side of the forearm to the lateral side of the elbow along the anterior border of the upper arm to the jianyu point on the shoulder and back before meeting with the Du channel at the dazhui point to reach the supraclavicular fossa and the lungs, diaphragm and the large intestine. Its branch moves up along the neck, the cheek and the gum of the lower teeth to the yingxiang point by the side of the nose.
The malfunction of the large intestine channel may produce diarrhea, bowel sound, dysentery, toothache, dryness in the mouth and yellow dis-coloration of the sclera, pharyngitis, laryngitis or nasal obstruction.
This channel starts at the tip of the big toe and runs along the medial side of the foot through the yinbai, taidu, taibai, gongsun and shangqiu points, and then along the front of the inner ankle bone, and the posterior surface of the lower leg. Then it goes up through the sanyinjiao, lougu, diji, yinlingquan, xuehai, jinlen and chongmen points to the abdominal cavity. Finally it goes inside to meet with the spleen and the stomach and then runs up through the diaphragm to the root of the tongue. The mal-function of the spleen channel may produce stomachache, abdominal dis-tention, enteritis, vomiting, edema, heaviness in the limbs and weakness, glossalgia or difficult urination.
This channel starts at the yinga'iang point and runs up to the foot of the nose, down to the upper gum and around the lips before going up again to the front of the ear and further up to the touzwei point on the forehead along the hairline. One of its branches appears at the daying point and runs down to the renying point and the supraclavicular fossa along the throat before going through the diaphragm to meet with the spleen. An-other branch runs down from the supraclavicular fossa to the qichong point on the lateral side of the lower abdomen through the nipple and along the navel. Still another branch emerges from the lower orifice of the stomach and runs down to qichong and the thigh and the knee and further down to the lower leg and the instep and ends at the lidui point at the tip of the second toe.
The malfunction of the stomach channel may produce stomach trouble, toothache, headache, abdominal distention, bowel sound, insom-nia, edema or dementia.
This channel starts at the heart and spreads in three branches. The main branch goes up to the lungs and turns down to the armpit before run-ning through the cubital fossa of the forearm and the pisform regions to the palm along the posterior border of the medial side of the upper arm. Then it goes further down to the shaochong point at the tip of the little finger along its medial side and meets with the Small Intestine Channel of Hand-Taiyang. Still another branch goes up along the side of the throat to meet with the eye.
The malfunction of the heart channel may produce cardiac pain, pal-pitation, chest pain, costalgia, dry throat, thirst or insomnia.
This channel starts at the shaoze point at the tip of the little finger and runs along the ulnar side of the dorsal hand through the qiangu, houxi, wangu and yanglao points, and then along the posterior aspect of the forearm through the zhizheng point to the shaohai point at the elbow. Then it moves up along the posterior border of the lateral side of the upper arm to the jianzhen and naoshu points behind the shoulder joint, and then along the scapular region through the tianzhong, bingfeng, quyuan, jianwaishu and jianzhongshu points to meet with the Du channel at the dazhui point. And then it goes up into the supraclavicular fossa and down to meet with the heart before running through the diaphragm along the esophagus to the small intestine by way of the stomach. Its branch moves up along the side of the neck to the cheek and the outer corner to the ear. The malfunction of the small intestine channel may produce sore throat, deafness, yellow discoloration of the sclera, swelling of the cheeks, pain in the shoulder and arm or distention of lower abdomen.
This channel starts at the inferior side of the little toe and runs up to the heel through the yongquan and rangu points along the medial malleo-lus before meeting with the Spleen Channel of Foot-Taiyin and the Liver Channel of Foot-Jueyin at the sanyinjiao region. Then it moves up to the yingu point at the knee crease along the medial side of the lower leg, and goes through the base of the spine along the innermost side of the thigh to meet with the kidney and the bladder. Its branch runs up from the kidney through the liver and diaphragm to the lungs and along the throat to the root of the tongue.
The malfunction of the kidney channel may produce dry mouth, chest pain, asthma, palpitation, diarrhea, poor vision or listlessness.
This channel starts at the jingrning point at the inner side of the eye and runs up through the zanzhu, quchai, wuchu, chengguang and tonglian points along the forehead to the baihui point on the top o( the head. The main channel runs through the baihui point to the brain and through the luoque, yuzhen and tianzhu points to the top of head before turning down along the spine to the shenshu point and the abdominal cavi-ty to meet with the kidney and the bladder. One of its branches runs from baihui to the temple. Another branch runs down from shenshu to the baihuanshu point, where it turns up to the shangliao point and down a-gain to the huiyang point near the coccyx before going along the buttocks and the posterior aspect of the thigh to the weizhong point. Still another branch runs down from the nape of the neck and through the gluteal region to a place near the zhiyin point at the lateral side of the tip of the little toe by way of the leg.
The malfunction of the bladder channel may produce headache, pain in the back and loin, difficult urination, hemorrhoids or enuresis.
This channel starts in the chest and the pericardium and runs down to the tri-jiao through the diaphragm. Its branch appears at the tianchi point near the armpit and runs up along the chest and the medial side of the arm and down through the tianquan, quze, ximen, jianshi, neiguan and daling points to the laogong point at the center of the palm and De-fore ending at the zhongchong point at the tip of the middle finger.
The malfunction of the pericardium channel may produce cardiac pain, dysphoria, chest pain, oppressed feeling in the chest, dementia, swelling of the armpit, yellow discoloration of the sclera or flushed face.
This channel starts at the guanchong point at the tip of the ring fin-ger and runs up along the arm to meet with the Du channel at the dazhui point before going over the shoulder to the clavicle and spreading in the chest. Then, linking with the pericardium, it runs through the diaphragm to the upper-, middle- and lower-jiao. One of its branches appears at the tanzhong point and runs up along the neck to the posterior border of the ear before going round the face and ending below the eye. Another branch starts behind the ear and runs through the ear before meeting with the oth-er branch on the face and reaching the lateral angle of the eye.
The malfunction of the tri-jiao channel may produce otopathy, aching of the eyes, sore throat, swelling of the cheeks, abdominal disten-tion, watery distention or pain in the shoulder and arm.
This channel starts at the dadun point at the tip of the big toe and runs along the instep and the medial side of the leg to the pubic region be-fore going round the genitals and arriving at the lower abdomen and the liver to link with the gallbladder. Then it runs through the diaphragm and spreads in the ribs before going up along the back of the trachea to the throat and then to the eyes. Finally, it moves up along the forehead to meet with the Du channel at the vertex. One of its branches starts at the liver and runs up through the diaphragm before entering the lungs to link with the Lung Channel of Hand-Taiyin. Another branch starts at the eyes and moves down along the cheeks to the inner surface of the lips.
The malfunction of the liver channel may produce pain in the vertex of the head, dry throat, fullness sensation in the chest, hernia, vomiting or lumbago.
This channel starts at the tongziliao point at the lateral angle of the eye and runs up to the temple before turning down to the back of the ear and moving up again to the shoulder to meet with the Du channel at the dazhui point and reach the supraclavicular fossa. One of its branches starts, at the back of the ear and goes into the ear proper before running a-long the front of the ear to the back of the lateral angle of the eye. Another branch starts at the lateral angle of the eye and runs down to the daying point and back up to a place under the eye socket, where it goes further down to the neck and the chest and through the diaphragm to link with the liver and the gallbladder. Then it goes even more down to the side of the lower abdomen and circles the pubic region before arriving at the hip region. Another branch starts at the clavicle and runs down along the armpit and the side of the chest through the riyue, juliao and huantiao points before going further down along the thigh and the knee to the qiuxu point near the ankle and arriving at the qiaoyin point on the tip of the toe.
The malfunction of the gallbladder channel may produce migraine, swelling and pain in the armpit, bitter taste, dizziness, and pain in the submental region or pain in the lateral side of the thigh and the knee.