Statistical analysis shows that about 70% of those who survive wind stroke suffer from dysfunction to varying degrees.
(1) Dyscinesia: Symptoms of hemiplegia (the major dysfunction and seen in about 40% of the cases) and even paralysis of the four limbs are seen in the vertebral system; the symptoms beyond the vertebral system are varied involuntary movements such as tremor, athetosis, non-coordination and unstable walking.
(2) Sensory disturbance: Including anesthesia or hypoesthesia on the opposite side, and sensitive or abnormal sensation such as sharp pain.
(3) Psychical dysfunction: Manifestation of true personality due to loss of reasoning, usually seen in depression, fantasy, anxiety, delusion and mania.
(4) Aphasia: Anandia is marked by unclear and infrequent speech, and stuttering; sensory aphasia is characterized by smooth speech with disordered words.
(5) Dysfunction of the vegetative nerve: Abnormal sweating over the affected side.
(6) Neuro-paralysis of the cerebral nerves: Central facial paralysis (such as distorted mouth, shallowness of the nasolabial groove with normal condition of the wrinkles over the forehead), strabismus on the same side and dysphagia.
(7) Special dysfunction: Agnosia--the patient is unable to distinguish things with the eyes, but can differentiate by hearing and smell. Apraxia: the patient canwalk involuntarily, but cannot walk in a selected direction; the hands can move, but cannot imitate the actions of others.
(8)Dysfunction in urination and defecation: Retention of urine and constipation or incontinence.
Among the dysfunctions mentioned above, hemiplegia is the one that most frequently leads to disability (over 40%). So, the rehabilitation of hemiplegia is an important task for medical workers to undertake.